WORLDWIDE INDUSTRIAL APPLICATIONS FOR ENZYMES TO
$1.8 BILLION IN 2002
A new era of
advances in enzyme technology now exists. Genetic engineering is being
applied, not only to source valued enzymes in easier-to-grow
microorganisms but also to modify and tailor enzyme protein properties to
customer requirements. Companies are exploring extreme environments in
search of enzymes having properties more in tune with industrial needs.
Researchers are applying molecular evolution to stretch and alter enzyme
specificities. Enzymes are being harnessed to work in partially organic
solvents so they can have new applications. The prospects for this
industry look bright, with increased market penetration expected in
several existing applications, as new applications under exploration come
to fruition and new technologies improve the needed performance
characteristics enzymes must have for industrial applications.
According to a soon-to-be-released BUSINESS
COMMUNICATIONS COMPANY, INC. study RC-147NA Industrial
Enzymes: Products, Technologies and Applications, the worldwide
total for industrial applications of enzymes was valued at $1.5 billion in
1997 and is projected to rise to $1.8 billion by 2002. This reflects an
average annual growth rate (AAGR) of 4.0%. Food and animal feed
applications continue to dominate the industrial enzymes market on a
The food and animal feed applications segment
will increase from $705.0 million in 1997 to $833.1 million in 2002, an
AAGR of 3.5%. Leading applications are the manufacture of starch-derived
syrups, alcoholic beverages, dairy products and animal feed. Lesser
applications are baked goods, fruit and vegetable processing, protein
processing and vegetable oil extraction. While the food market for enzymes
is relatively mature, BCC points out that opportunities exist for new and
improved enzymes in niche uses. Moreover, the animal feed sector has
considerable room for growth.
Detergents are the next most significant market
outlet for industrial enzymes. Enzymes for laundry detergents dominate
this sector, followed by enzymes for dishwashing detergents. BCC projects
that this segment will rise from $475.2 million in 1998 to $600.9 million
Textile enzymes are the third most significant
segment of this market. The major enzymes in this category are enzymes for
processing cotton and cellulosic textiles, followed by enzymes for
processing leather and fur. Enzymes for silk and wool are minor. This
segment is projected to increase at an AAGR of 2.0% into 2002.
Other outlets for industrial enzyme applications
include pulp and paper and chemicals manufacture.
INDUSTRIAL ENZYMES: WORLDWIDE
MARKET FORECAST, 1997-2002
Source: Business Communications Company,
C-147NA INDUSTRIAL ENZYMES:
PRODUCTS, TECHNOLOGIES AND APPLICATIONS
|Food and animal feed
|Textiles, leather and fur
|Pulp and paper
PUBLISHED: July 1998
ENZYMES FOR INDUSTRIAL APPLICATIONS IN USA TO
CROSS $629 MILLION BY 2005
Enzymes are proteins consisting
of long chains of amino acids held together by peptide bonds. As catalytic
agents, they help speed up chemical processes just by their presence in a
reaction. They cannot function indefinitely, have limited stability, and
are therefore used only once in commercial applications. Their catalytic
activity was exploited long before they were recognized as enzymes. The
making of beer, wine, cheese, and bread is thousands of years old, and
each of these fermentation processes harnessed the activities of enzymatic
organisms. Because a particular enzyme operates on only one substrate, the
catalyzed reaction will generate only one product and no other. Another
virtue is their money-saving mild temperature requirement. Still another
is that they generally operate in aqueous solution, which not only is
cheaper than organic solvents, but also is safer in the environment, to
say nothing of freedom from fires, explosions, and worker hazard.
According to a soon-to-be-released
study from Business Communications Co., Inc. (www.bccresearch.com)
RC-147NB Enzymes for Industrial Applications, the
total U.S. consumption of enzymes is estimated at $514.1 million in 2000.
Growing at an AAGR (average annual growth rate) of 4.1% during the 5-year
forecast period, this market is expected to reach $629.3 million in 2005.
Food and animal feed applications
dominate the market, accounting for just under half of the total value in
2000. Carbohydrases and proteases are the principal enzyme types serving
Cleaning compounds are the next most
important, with about 22% of the total and is also the second fastest
growing sector with an AAGR of 5%. This category includes laundry
detergents, dishwashing detergents, and other cleaners. Proteases,
amylases, lipases, and cellulases all serve this market.
The manufacture of chemicals is the
third most important market, with about 14% of the value. Fermentation
alcohol makes up most of this market segment, and has grown more rapidly
than any other part of the entire market. Other segments include
pharmaceuticals (steroids and antibiotics), amino acids, proteins, and
lipids (triglycerides, phospholipids).
Textile, leather, and fur
applications follow with about 9.5%. The major part of this application is
cotton and cellulosic textiles, which use mainly cellulases and amylases.
The last major market is pulp and paper, which accounts for about 6%. The
most notable use is that of xylanase for the prebleaching of pulp, which
helps to reduce bleach requirements and thus reduces pollution problems.
Amylase is also used here. A big potential market in pulp bleaching
exists, if enzymes could perform direct bleaching instead of the
chemicals, especially chlorine, that are now used.
U.S. Consumption of Industrial Enzymes by Major
End Use, through 2005
Food and animal feed
Textiles, leather and fur
Pulp and paper
U.S. Consumption of Industrial Enzymes by
Major End Use, through 2005
RC-147NB Enzymes for Industrial Applications
Published: June 2001
Data and analysis provided courtesy of
BUSINESS COMMUNICATIONS COMPANY, INC., 25 Van Zant Street, Norwalk, CT
06855, Telephone: (203) 853-4266; ext. 309, Email: email@example.com